HR acronyms explainedHave you ever confused a W-2, W-3, or W-4? Or maybe you’re not sure about the difference between FMLA, FSA, and FLSA. For employers and employees, there are myriad HR terms to know and understand. This cheat sheet explains several common human resource acronyms.

  • 1099: A form that reports income from self employment earnings, interest and dividends, government payments, and more. (TurboTax)
  • 401(k): Retirement plans named for the section of the tax code that governs them. (WSJ)
  • ACA: Affordable Care Act (see also PPACA)
  • ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act
  • AD&D: Accidental death and dismemberment
  • ADEA: Age Discrimination in Employment Act
  • COBRA: Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
  • DOL: Department of Labor
  • EAP: Employee Assistance Program
  • EEOC: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • ERISA: Employee Retirement Income Security Act
  • ESAC: Employer Services Assurance Corporation
  • FLSA: Fair Labor Standard Act
  • FMLA: Family Medical Leave Act
  • FSA: Flexible Spending Account
  • HDHP: High Deductible Health Plan
  • HIPAA: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
  • HR: Human Resources
  • HSA: Health Savings Account
  • I-9: A form used for verifying the identity and employment authorization of individuals hired for employment in the United States. (USCIS)
  • IRA: Individual Retirement Account
  • IRS: Internal Revenue Service
  • IRCA: Immigration Reform and Control Act
  • OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Act
  • PEO: Professional Employer Organization
  • PPACA: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as Affordable Care Act (ACA)
  • SUTA: State Unemployment Tax Authority
  • USERRA: Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act
  • W-2: A form that shows the amount of taxes withheld from your paycheck for the year and is used to file your federal and state taxes. (TurboTax)
  • W-3: A transmittal which is forwarded to the Social Security Administration, showing total earnings, Medicare wages, Social Security wages, and withholding for all employees encompassing the entire year. (IRS.com)
  • W-4: A form used by employers to withhold the proper amount of federal income tax from employees’ paychecks. (IRS.com)

Now, I know I didn’t include every acronym in this cheat sheet. Which ones did I miss? Leave a comment below or tweet us @MyGenesisHR with your suggestions.



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